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Balsam Rose, also known as Impatiens balsamina, is a beautiful annual flowering plant that belongs to the Balsaminaceae family. This plant is native to India and Southeast Asia but can be found growing in many other parts of the world as well.
Plant morphology: The Balsam Rose plant grows up to 2-3 feet tall and 1-2 feet wide. It has thick, fleshy stems that are green in color and are covered with fine hairs. The leaves are alternate and oval-shaped with a serrated margin. The flowers of Balsam Rose are large and showy, with five petals and a spur at the base. They come in a wide range of colors including pink, red, purple, white, and bicolor.
Soil and Climatic requirement: Balsam Rose grows well in well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter. It prefers a slightly acidic soil pH of 6.5 to 7.5. This plant thrives in warm and humid climates, but it can also grow in cooler temperatures if provided with adequate moisture.
Planting type and spacing: Balsam Rose can be grown from seeds or transplants. If growing from seeds, they should be sown in early spring after the last frost date. The seeds should be planted 1/4 inch deep and spaced 8 to 12 inches apart. The transplants can be planted after the last frost date with a spacing of 12-18 inches.
Hours of sunlight required: Balsam Rose requires full sun to partial shade. It can tolerate some shade but will not flower as well.
Watering: Balsam Rose requires regular watering to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. It is important to avoid overhead watering to prevent fungal diseases.
Companion plants: Balsam Rose can be planted with other annuals like marigold, zinnia, and petunia. It is also a great companion plant for vegetables like tomatoes and peppers.
Harvesting: Balsam Rose flowers can be harvested when they are fully open. They make great cut flowers and can be used to brighten up any room.
Common uses: Balsam Rose is commonly used as a garden plant or as an indoor plant. It is also used in traditional medicine to treat skin problems, rheumatism, and digestive issues. The seeds of Balsam Rose are used in many Asian cuisines and are known for their nutty flavor.