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Red Thick Long Chilli is a high-yielding variety of chilli pepper that produces long, slender, and slightly curved red fruits. This variety is known for its thick flesh, making it an ideal choice for preparing Indian and Asian dishes. Red Thick Long Chilli is easy to grow and can be grown both in open fields and in containers.
Botanical name: Capsicum annuum
Plant morphology: The Red Thick Long Chilli plant is a bushy and tall plant that grows up to 3-4 feet in height. The leaves are green and ovate, and the flowers are white or purple with a five-lobed corolla. The fruit is elongated and tapered, measuring around 6-8 inches in length and 1-1.5 inches in width.
Soil and Climatic requirement:
Soil: This variety of chilli prefers well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. A soil pH range of 6.0-6.5 is ideal for optimum growth.
Climate: Red Thick Long Chilli grows well in warm climates with plenty of sunshine. It requires a temperature range of 20-35°C for good growth.
Crop duration: 90-120 days
Cropping season: This variety can be grown throughout the year, but it thrives best during the summer season.
Planting type: Seed sowing or transplanting
Spacing: The recommended spacing for this variety is 45 cm x 45 cm for seed sowing and 60 cm x 45 cm for transplanting.
Depth of sowing: 1-1.5 cm
Germination period: 8-25 days
Hours of sunlight required: A minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight is required for optimum growth and yield.
Watering: The crop requires regular watering, especially during the flowering and fruiting stages. Avoid waterlogging, as it can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases.
Companion crops: Red Thick Long Chilli can be grown with other vegetables such as tomato, eggplant, and okra.
Harvesting: The Red Thick Long Chilli is ready for harvesting when the fruits turn bright red and have a firm texture. The fruits can be harvested when they are mature and firm, but still pliable. The yield can be increased by harvesting the fruits regularly.
Problems of Green Thick Long Chilli cultivation:
Pests: Aphids, thrips, mites, whiteflies, and fruit flies can cause damage to the crop.
Diseases: Bacterial wilt, damping-off, anthracnose, and powdery mildew are common diseases that can affect Green Thick Long Chilli.