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Chamomile herb is a medicinal herb widely used in traditional medicine for its various health benefits. It is popular for its calming effects and its ability to improve sleep. Chamomile herb is also used as a natural remedy for treating digestive issues, anxiety, depression, and inflammation.
Botanical name: Matricaria chamomilla
Plant morphology: Chamomile is an annual herb that grows up to 15-60 cm tall. It has a branched stem with feathery leaves and white and yellow flowers. The flower heads are daisy-like with white petals and a yellow center. The flowers have a sweet and fruity aroma.
Soil and Climatic requirements: Chamomile grows well in well-drained loamy soils with a pH of 5.6-7.5. It requires full sun and moderate water. Chamomile prefers cooler climates and can grow in areas with temperatures between 15-30°C.
Crop Duration: Chamomile can be harvested within 8-12 weeks after sowing.
Cropping season: Chamomile can be grown year-round in warm climates.
Planting type: Chamomile can be grown from seeds or by division of roots.
Spacing: For best results, plant chamomile 12-18 inches apart.
Depth of sowing: Chamomile seeds should be sown 1/4 inch deep in the soil.
Germination period: Chamomile seeds germinate in 7-14 days.
Hours of sunlight required: Chamomile requires full sun exposure.
Watering: Chamomile requires moderate watering, and the soil should be kept moist.
Companion crops: Chamomile grows well with other herbs like lavender, mint, and rosemary.
Harvesting: Chamomile flowers can be harvested when they are fully open and the center is slightly concave. Harvesting should be done in the morning when the flowers are dry. The flowers can be dried and used for tea or medicinal purposes.
Problems of Chamomile cultivation:
Pests: Chamomile is susceptible to aphids, spider mites, and thrips.
Diseases: Chamomile can be affected by damping-off, root rot, and powdery mildew.